On this day in 1895, Booker T. Washington delivered the Alanta Compromise address.
This was an agreement between Washington, president of the Tuskegee Institute, other African-American leaders, and Southern white leaders. It was first supported, and later opposed by W. E. B. Du Bois and other African-American leaders.
The agrement was never written down. It agreed that blacks would not ask for the right to vote, would not retaliate against racist behavior, and would tolerate segregation and discrimination. The would also receive free basic education, limited to vocational or industrial training. Liberal arts education would be prohibited.
Black leaders began to take issue with the compromise at the turn of the 20th century. Following Washington’s death in 1915, supporters of the Atlanta compromise slowly shifted their support to civil rights activism, leading up to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s.
Booker T. Washington was born in Hale’s Ford, Virginia in 1856 (date unknown). He died in Tuskegee, Alabama on November 14, 1915.
On this day in 1787, the United States Constitution was signed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
This day celebrates the adoption of the United States Constitution and those who have become U.S. citizens The law establishing the holiday was created in 2004 when West Virginia Senator Robert Byrd proposed an amendment to the Omnibus spending bill. Previously, the day was known as “Citizenship Day.”
On June 21, 1788 New Hampshire becaome the ninth and last state necessary to ratify the Constitution.
When was the last time you read the Constitution? If it’s been a while, check it out at this link.
Or at least check it out on Schoolhouse Rock.
On this day in 2001, a series of coordinated suicide attacks killing 2,996 people using four aircraft hijacked by 19 members of al-Qaeda. Two aircraft crashed into the World Trade Center in New York City, a third crashed into The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, and a fourth into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
The first United States Labor Day parade was held in New York City on this date in 1882.
On this day in 1829, William Austin Burt recieved a U.S. patent for the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter. The device was operated by hand to make the letter print onto paper.
Maybe we shouldn’t complain the next time Word does someething squirrely.
In other news, Historic Occasions designs are now available on Amazon.
The Signing of the Declaration of Independence by John Trumbull.
When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
Keep reading here.
The document, which belonged to James Madison, is one of 200 facsimiles commissioned in the 19th century
From the Smithsonian Magagine.
Within 40 years of its signing in 1776, the Declaration of Independence was starting to show signs of aging and wear. So in 1820, John Quincy Adams commissioned printer William Stone to make 200 facsimiles of the precious document. As Michael E. Ruane reports for the Washington Post, one of these meticulous copies, long believed to have been lost, recently resurfaced in Texas.