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Archive for the ‘History’ Category

drking

The third Monday of the month is set aside as Martin Luther King, Jr. Day to honor the civil rights leader born on January 15, 1929 who was assasinated on April 4, 1968.

Dr. King’s legacy lives on and is a testament to the fact that, while we may not always like our history, we should always remember it.

Here are five American History blogs to peruse:

Civil Rights Law & Policy Blog
Up-to-date news on Civil Rights issues from Editor Andrew M. Ironside. A member of the Law Professor Blogs Network.

Discourse.net
Michael Froomkin Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Miami School of Law writes about contemporary civil rights issues.

Old Virginia Blog
Richard G. Williams, Jr. is an award winning Southern writer, autodidact, tour guide, relic hunter, preservationist, researcher, and raconteur who specializes in Virginia history and the War Between the States.

History and Women
Mirella Sichirollo Patzer offers a compendium of Women’s History and Biographies.

Religion in American History
An expansive and engaging group blog looking at religion in American history and culture.

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leejackson3

Since 1889 Virginia has celebrated the birthday of Robert E. Lee. In 1904 Stonewall Jackson’s name was added. Both men had birthdays in January. The day was celebrated on the third Monday of the month.

But in 1983 the third Monday of January became the federal holiday honoring Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. For a time Virginia celebrated the day as Lee-Jackson-King Day.

In 2000 that was changed and now Virginia Celebrates Lee-Jackson Day on the Friday before Martin Luther King. Jr. Day.

Not all localities celebrate Lee-Jackson Day, but state offices are close on both Friday and Monday of that weekend.

Robert E. Lee (January 19, 1807 – october 12, 1870) was the commanding general of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia until such time as he surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox, Virginia in 1865. Following the war, Lee served as President of what is now Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia.

Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson (January 21, 1824 – May 10, 1863) was perhaps the best known Confederate general after Robert E. Lee. Jackson was accidentally shot by Confederate troops at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. He lost an arm to amputation and died eight days later from complications of pneumonia.

Both Lee and Jackson are honored with statues along Richmond’s famed Monument Avenue.

History isn’t always pretty, but it’s always worth remembering.

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oklahoma-postcard

On this day in 1907, Oklahoma became the 46th state.

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streetcar

On this day in 1832 the first horse-drawn streetcar debuted in New York City. For twelve cents you coudl ride long 4th Avenue between Prince and 14th Streets.

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veterans

Veteran’s Day honors U.S. military veterans. November 11 marks the anniversary of the end of World War I when the Armistice with Germany went into effect. Previously known as Armistice Day, November 11 was renamed Veterans Day 1954.

President Woodrow Wilson issued the following message on November 11, 1919:

“ADDRESS TO FELLOW-COUNTRYMEN The White House, November 11, 1919. A year ago today our enemies laid down their arms in accordance with an armistice which rendered them impotent to renew hostilities, and gave to the world an assured opportunity to reconstruct its shattered order and to work out in peace a new and juster set of inter national relations. The soldiers and people of the European Allies had fought and endured for more than four years to uphold the barrier of civilization against the aggressions of armed force. We ourselves had been in the conflict something more than a year and a half. – With splendid forgetfulness of mere personal concerns, we re modeled our industries, concentrated our financial resources, increased our agricultural output, and assembled a great army, so that at the last our power was a decisive factor in the victory. We were able to bring the vast resources, material and moral, of a great and free people to the assistance of our associates in Europe who had suffered and sacrificed without limit in the cause for which we fought. Out of this victory there arose new possibilities of political freedom and economic concert. The war showed us the strength of great nations acting together for high purposes, and the victory of arms foretells the enduring conquests which can be made in peace when nations act justly and in furtherance of the common interests of men. To us in America the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with – solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country‚Äôs service, and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of nations.

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marines

On this day in 1775, the Continental Marines were established. The United States Marine Corps Birthday is celebrated every year on November 10.

The Continental Marines were established by the Second Continental Congress with the following decree:

That two battalions of Marines be raised consisting of one Colonel, two lieutenant-colonels, two majors and other officers, as usual in other regiments; that they consist of an equal number of privates as with other battalions, that particular care be taken that no persons be appointed to offices, or enlisted into said battalions, but such as are good seamen, or so acquainted with maritime affairs as to be able to serve for and during the present war with Great Britain and the Colonies; unless dismissed by Congress; that they be distinguished by the names of the First and Second Battalions of Marines.

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berlinwall

“General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr.Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”

President Ronald Reagan speaking at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin and challenging Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev to destory the Berlin Wall.

The wall fell on November 9, 1989.

In 2001, President George W. Bush declared November 9 to be “World Freedom Day” to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe.

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