The soldier above all others prays for peace, for it is the soldier who must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war.
American five-star general and Field Marshall of the Philippine Army, Douglas MacArthur, was born on this day in 1880 (died 1964). MacArthur was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
For his defense of the Philippines, MacArthur was awarded the Medal of Honor. He officially accepted Japan’s surrender on 2 September 1945, aboard USS Missouri anchored in Tokyo Bay, and oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951. As the effective ruler of Japan, he oversaw sweeping economic, political and social changes. He led the United Nations Command in the Korean War until he was removed from command by President Harry S. Truman on 11 April 1951.
The MacArthur Memorial is located in Norfolk, Virginia and is a memorial, museum, and research center about the life of General MacArthur.